Skip to content

Pearlscale Goldfish Breed {2023}

Pearlscale Goldfish Breed

The pearlscale goldfish is a beautiful and unique breed of goldfish that is characterized by its spherical body and domed scales. These fish are relatively new, having been developed in captivity in the early 1900s. They are thought to have originated in China, and their name comes from the fact that their scales resemble pearls.

Pearlscale goldfish can grow to be up to 8 inches long, but they are typically smaller than this. They come in a variety of colors, including red, orange, yellow, black, white, and calico. They are also available in both single-tailed and double-tailed varieties.

Pearlscale goldfish are relatively hardy fish and are easy to care for. They prefer a water temperature of 72-78 degrees Fahrenheit and a pH of 7.0-7.5. They should be fed high-quality goldfish food that is specifically formulated for fancy goldfish.

Pearlscale goldfish are social fish and do best when kept in groups of at least 3-4. They are also relatively peaceful fish and can be kept with other types of goldfish, such as fantails and comets.

If you are looking for a beautiful and unique goldfish, the pearlscale is a great choice. These fish are easy to care for and make great additions to any aquarium.


Here are some additional care tips for Pearlscale goldfish:

  • Provide a spacious tank. Pearlscale goldfish need a tank that is at least 20 gallons in size.
  • Use a filter. A good filter will help to keep the water clean and free of ammonia and nitrates.
  • Change the water regularly. The water should be changed 25-50% every week.
  • Add plants. Plants will help to provide oxygen and shade for the fish.
  • Avoid overcrowding. Overcrowding can stress the fish and lead to health problems.

With proper care, pearl scale goldfish can live for 10-15 years. These fish are a joy to watch and make great additions to any home aquarium.

Pearlscale Goldfish Breed
Pearlscale Goldfish Breed

Benefits of owning a Pearlscale Goldfish

  • They are beautiful and unique fish.
  • They are relatively easy to care for.
  • They are social fish and do well in groups.
  • They can live for many years.

Here are some things to keep in Mind

  • They do best in a spacious tank.
  • They need a filter to keep the water clean.
  • The water should be changed regularly.
  • They need plants to provide oxygen and shade.
  • You should avoid overcrowding the tank.

Pearlscale goldfish, renowned for their distinctive appearance, are a captivating and ornamental variety in the world of fishkeeping. Known for their round, puffed-up bodies and shimmering, pearl-like scales, Pearlscales are a favorite among enthusiasts.

Breeding Pearlscale goldfish can be a rewarding endeavor, but it requires a thorough understanding of their unique characteristics and careful attention to their needs. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the key aspects of Pearlscale goldfish breeding.


  1. Understanding Pearlscale Goldfish: Before attempting to breed Pearlscale goldfish, it is essential to understand their distinct features. These fish have a short, round body shape with a prominent dorsal fin and twin anal fins. What sets Pearlscales apart is their beautiful, domed scales, which give them a unique appearance. The scales are characterized by raised centers that resemble pearls, hence the name “Pearlscale.”
  2. Selecting Healthy Breeding Stock: Choosing healthy adult Pearlscale goldfish as breeding stock is critical for successful breeding. Look for active fish without any visible signs of illness or deformities. Inspect the scales to ensure they are smooth, evenly domed, and without any missing or damaged scales. Selecting high-quality breeding stock will improve the chances of producing healthy offspring with desirable traits.

  3. Preparing the Breeding Environment: A separate breeding tank with a minimum capacity of 20 gallons is recommended for breeding Pearlscale goldfish. The tank should be equipped with a sponge filter or a gentle air-driven filtration system to avoid damaging the delicate fry. Maintain the water temperature between 68-74°F (20-23°C) and the pH level between 7.0-8.0.

  4. Conditioning the Breeders: Proper conditioning of the breeding stock is essential for successful breeding. Offer a varied and nutritious diet to adult fish, including high-quality pellets, flakes, and live or frozen foods. Conditioning should be done for a few weeks before introducing them to the breeding tank.
  5. Pairing the Pearlscales: Once the breeding stock is conditioned, introduce a compatible pair of Pearlscale goldfish into the breeding tank. The male may display chasing behavior initially, which is a normal part of the courtship process. If the female is receptive, she will lead the male to a suitable spawning site.

  6. The Spawning Process: Pearlscale goldfish are egg-layers and will scatter their eggs during spawning. The female will release eggs, while the male will fertilize them. The adhesive eggs will attach to nearby surfaces, such as plants or tank decorations. Once spawning is complete, remove the adult fish to prevent them from consuming the eggs.

  7. Caring for the Eggs and Fry: The eggs will hatch within 3-7 days, depending on water temperature. Once the fry are free-swimming, they require proper care and feeding. Feed them small, nutritious foods like baby brine shrimp, infusoria, or finely crushed flakes. Provide ample hiding places, such as live plants or spawning mops, to reduce stress on the fry.

  8. Fry Growth and Development: As the fry grows, its unique Pearlscale characteristics will become more apparent. The rounded body and raised scales will develop further as they mature. Maintain excellent water quality by performing regular water changes and providing a balanced diet to ensure healthy growth.
  9. Gradual Culling and Selection: As the fry develops, differences in coloration and scale development may be observed. Gradually cull any weaker or undesirable individuals to allow the healthier fry to grow and develop further. This process will promote the growth of Pearlscale goldfish with desirable traits.

  10. Reaching Maturity: Pearlscale goldfish typically reach sexual maturity at around one year of age. At this stage, their unique appearance will be fully showcased, and they will become prized inhabitants of your aquarium.

Pearlscale goldfish, renowned for their distinctive appearance, are a captivating and ornamental variety in the world of fishkeeping. 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *